NOTES AND QUERIES.
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it is heard very rarely at the present day. meaning to be explained ? I do not know of
This applies presumably to both of the single- any similar change of the ordinary meaning:
of fidelis in any other language.
THJDDHIST CULT—What places and
•^ things have been named in honour of
Gautama Buddha in addition to the following: Buddhisatva, Buddhism, Buddhist, and
presumably Budddoon (or Booddoon), a town
on a tributary of the Ganges, United Provinces ? What in such cases does this name
signify 1 I only desire vernacular names, not
T AVENDERS.—In a list of herbs for strew•" ing given in Thomas Tusser's ' Five
Hundred Points of Good Husbandry '
Lavender occurs three times as " Lavender,
Lavender spike and Lavender cotton." The
spike, I suppose, is the flower spike; perhaps
the word by itself means lavender leaves: but
what, for purposes of strewing, is " lavender
OCHOOLS "FOR SONS OF GENTLEMEN."—Do private schools in Britain
still advertise themselves by the above description? If not, down to what date can the
custom of doing so be traced ?
A. H. C.-P.
MEDICAL USE OF THE ROSE. — The
•"•*• rose, as we know, has long been used for
perfume. Could any reader tell me whether
it has ever been supposed to have—or actually
has—any medicinal value? I find the petals
usually mentioned as the part of the rose
used: do they yield the perfume ? Is no other
part of the rose of use? What rose is specially
favoured for confections, or for medical preparations, if any?
H. F. R.
ALFRED AND THE CAKES: PIC•"• TURES.—I remember seeing the engraving of a picture of this well-known scene, but
omitted to note names of painter and
engraver. Could anyone give me particulars
of any such picture? I 6hould imagine; there
must be wall-paintings of the subject, and
should be glad to be told of them.
In the story as sometimes told, I think, the
neatherd's wife gives Alfred a box on the ear
for letting the cakes burn. When was this
detail first introduced ? It is not, I believe, in
the original source.
" O I JEUNESSE SAVAIT, SI VIEIL° LESSE POUVAIT." — This is a late
sixteenth-century Eaying: Henri Estienne
' Les Premices ' : Epigramme cxci. (I quote
the reference from M. O. Guerlac's ' Les Citations francaises').
Wanted, the same sentiment in other
FBEDEBIC CONNETT WHITE.'
tongues. Also, a neat English rendering
" "FIDEL."—This word in German means would be acceptable. " Pouvait " is—epi•*• " jolly, merry." It is evidently derived grammatically—difficult.
from Lat. fidelis. How is the change of
PRINCE ARTHUR: ICONOGRAPHY.
-*- —What examples are there of portraits
of Arthur, the elder brother of Henry VIII,
other than those in the east window of St.
Margaret's, Westminster, and in the north
window of the Jesus Chapel at the Priory
Church, Great Malvern? Are there any contemporary remarks concerning resemblance
to either of his parents?
B. S. H.
TTENRY, PRINCE OF WALES. — In de•^ scriptions of the personal appearance of
this Prince—the elder brother of Charles
I—and in any portraits of him, has anyone
ever noted resemblance to his grandmother,
Mary, Queen of Scots. His father, I believe
it is said, bore no resemblance in face or
figure either to Mary or to Darnley.
B. S. H.
TT.M.S. EXETEB: THE EARLIEST.—In
" 1704, when, by the way, Sir Winston
Churchill's second son, George (1653-1710),
brother of the great Duke of Marlborough,
, was an Admiral of the Blue and was of the
Council of the Lord High-Admiral of England, the Royal Navy had, among fifty-four
fourth-raters, the Exeter, of 60 guns and 346
men. Was she the first of the name?
In the same year it is seen that, among the
Navy's thirteen hulks, was one called Exeter,
with but three men aboard and no guns. (I
do not say " and, of course, no guns," for it
stirs interest to note that the hulk Josiah,
with 80 men, had guns, 30 of them).
Was this Exeter a onetime proud forerunner of the fourth-rater ?